Aquaculture is the controlled cultivation of freshwater and marine resources, both plant and animal, for human consumption. Some plants grown through aquaculture yield substances that are used as thickeners or gelling agents in foods, drugs, and other products.
What do they do?
Acquaculturists work in natural water bodies or in artificial ponds, lakes or reservoirs. By controlling the environment, nutrition, breeding and life cycle of the organism, an aquaculturist can improve the quality and productivity of his/her crops. Fish accounts for more than 50% of the annual worldwide aquaculture production. India accounts for the world’s second largest inland fish production. In 2008-09, it produced 46.4 lakh tonnes of inland fish, according to data from the department of fisheries, government of India.
- A farmer-friendly mindset
- Ability to work in field conditions
- Should be intelligent so as to adopt modern techniques available to increase productivity
How do I get there?
Read physics, chemistry and biology in Class 12. After that, apply for BFSc, a professional degree programme in any state agricultural university. After that, work in the corporate/government sectors or go in for higher studies.