The term Architecture as a career is defined as the process involved in planning, designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures like bridges, dams, etc. It is not just the process but also the product of planning, designing and constructing buildings and various other non-building structures. Architecture is also the general term used to describe buildings and other physical structures. The ones who choose a career in architecture are known as ‘Architects.’
A career in architecture is not just limited to planning and designing new buildings and structures but also involves opportunities to turn old structures into architectural marvels. Some of the best-known architectural marvels of the modern world are Burj Khalifa in Dubai, Marina Sands in Singapore, The Shard in London, Taipei 101 in Taiwan, Palm Jumeirah in Dubai and Haohan Qiao Bridge in China.
The ones who wish to choose a career as an architect are required to have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with relevant subjects from a recognized board to be eligible for admission to architecture courses and ultimately become an architect. Candidates aspiring to pursue architect career must pursue a certificate/ diploma/ degree programme in architecture such as Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch), Bachelor of Architecture & Planning, Diploma in Architecture Engineering and Master of Architecture (M.Arch).
What do they do?
Architects are also known as Architecture Designer, Architecture Engineer and Internet Designers are the magical hands behind the aesthetic beauty with which various building and non-building are planned, designed and constructed. Architects keep in mind the requirements and needs of the client or the target audience and in the process design and mould the ideas according to what has been briefed by the client/ owner of the property.
Architects are involved in planning, designing and construction of varied buildings and non-building structures like houses, apartments, offices, industrial complexes, hospitals, hotels, airport terminals, stadiums, schools, shopping complexes, etc. Architecture career involves deskwork in office as well as visiting construction sites to look into planning and designing tasks. Also, visit the sites to check the progress of the projects and ensure that the contractors are working according to what has been decided by the architects.
- Architects work according to the needs, requirements and briefings given by their clients. The briefing involves the kind of building has to be constructed and the estimated budget available.
- They discuss and get the ideas approved by the clients.
- They talk about whether the project involves designing from the scratch or creating something new from the existing structures
- Architectural models including sketches and plans with details and measurements and money involved are prepared by the architects
- Architects not only plan and design the outer structure of the buildings but also look into interior layout of the buildings
- It is also the responsibility of the architects to take permission for new construction/ alternations from the local authority
- Getting in touch and negotiating with the building contractors, civil engineers and surveyors to take the project forward
- They have to ensure that site and building materials are kept securely
- They are also concerned about issuing payment cheques to the contractors and all other involved in the project
- It is also their responsibility to discuss problems if any with the contractors, engineers and client
- Understanding that needs and requirements of the client are the core of the work an architect does
- House of creativity
- Good in mathematical ability
- Great visualizer
- A keen observer
- Ability to sketch free-hand plan – though not of utmost importance – is beneficial while explaining intricate details of the structure to clients
- Flexibility to work on odd hours as they may be required to visit sites at odd hours
- Responsibility and accountability for the job at hand
- Must be a leader and have supervisory skills as an architect will be leading a team of contractors, engineers, laborers, etc.
- Sound understanding of legal language related to the architecture as a profession
- Have updated knowledge about the current and prevailing social and environmental issues
How do I get there?
To be eligible to choose architecture as a career or become an architect, the candidate must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with minimum marks from a recognized board and must have pursued diploma or degree programme in architecture. Read below-mentioned points to know how to become an architect.
- To choose architecture as a career path, the candidates must have passed class 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board of education like Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). The examination must have been passed the examination science subjects such as biology, mathematics and chemistry and with minimum qualifying marks
- To be eligible for admission to degree programmes in architecture, the candidates must have appeared in either National Aptitude Test for Architecture or JEE Main & Advanced. Valid JEE Main & JEE Advanced score is mandatory for admission to Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) programmes offered at the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
- A valid NATA score is also considered by many colleges and institutes for admission to undergraduate architecture programme. National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) is conducted by the National Institute of Advanced Studies in Architecture (NIASA), which is a body of Council of Architecture.
- The next step is to pursue a 4-year/ 5-year undergraduate programme in architecture and planning like B.Arch offered by Indian Institutes of Technology
- If interested, the candidates can increase architect career options by pursuing postgraduate programmes in architecture like Master of Architecture (M.Arch).
- For selection and admission to postgraduate programmes in architecture, the candidates must have a valid GATE score. The IISc and seven IITs conduct the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) to judge the aptitude of candidates aspiring to pursue architecture as a career.
- To get practical experience, the candidates will have to work under an experienced architect or undergo training for 6-months to 1-year.
- Candidates can join a big or maybe a small architectural firm/ agency to work under senior architects. This apprenticeship helps the new graduates in understanding the how and how of architecture as a career
Courses pursue career as an Architect:
- Diploma in Architecture Engineering
- Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)
- Diploma in Architecture Assistantship
- Bachelor of Technology in Architecture Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering in Architecture Engineering
- Master of Technology in Architecture Engineering
- Master of Architecture (M.Arch)
- Master of Technology in Town & Country Planning
- Master of Philosophy in Architecture Engineering
Typical day in the life of a Architect
- For instance, if an architect starts working on a new project in a day shift, he/ she will start his/her day by meeting the clients and discussing their needs and requirements. Briefing by the client/ agency makes the base for the work that will be done by the architect and others like contractors and civil engineers involved in building and designing the new project
- Next, the architect decides whether he has to start the work from scratch or renovate and alter the existing structure
- He then discusses his ideas and proposals with the client/ agency and gets the same approved by them
- The next important step he/she does is to make rough sketches and plans with details of size, specifications and estimated amount that will go into planning, designing and architecture of the project
- Then he/she will make model representations of his thoughts and ideas for more graphic representation
- He/she will also prepare a design of the interiors of the building/ non-building project
- Next, he will get in touch other people involved like civil engineers, contractors, etc. to get the work done in the defined period. He will negotiate with them over the material that will be used and the cost it will incur.
- He/she will also visit the site to ensure that all work is being as per the finalized and approved plan. He will also check the material being used to build the project.
- He/ she will also look into the payment that has to be released to the contractors and others involved in the project
- He/she will discuss the problems if any with the site manager and civil or structural engineer until the construction is complete as per the pre-defined plan and is ready to be occupied by the client