12 Hot Emerging Jobs in Engineering

Nidhi Bahl updated on : 29 May 2017
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Latest technologies and changing business models indicate that our country needs engineers in different roles.

12 Hot Emerging Jobs in Engineering

The admission season for engineering aspirants has officially kicked off with students across the country getting ready to take multiple engineering entrance exams. Appearing for these exams may be the first step but there are several other things that students should know in order to fulfil their engineering dream. Many students are unaware of the various career options that engineering as a profession offers.

We have now compiled a list of some of the latest engineering careers that have a great deal of potential:

Mobile App Developer

A Mobile App Developer’s job involves translating software into a workable product for a mobile. The usage of services like gaming, video calls, emails, music, etc provide tremendous opportunities for mobile application developers. Application development involves writing software and programmes for handheld devices based on platforms like Android, BlackBerry, iPhone iOS etc. offered by various handset manufacturers.

Qualification: A B.E./B.Tech in Computer Science.

Airport Designer

The job an airport designer is to research, design and oversee the construction, renovation and maintenance of airports. They generally hold a civil, mechanical or structural engineering degree. Today, Airports aren’t just seen as portals between destinations anymore. They convey first impressions about places. Therefore, an airport designer’s career has become very exciting and challenging over the years. Since India lacks world-class infrastructure facilities, there is a lot of scope for development of existing as well as green airports. The need of the hour is to think globally and act locally.

Qualification: A B.Arch with airport planning as an elective subject

Leather Technologist

A leather technologist is involved in different stages of leather production (converting raw hides/skin into leather). Their job includes preparing, treating and finishing leather using chemical processes. A leather technologist’s other duties could include supervising operatives (workers) in the factory, researching, testing and sampling chemicals, dyes and products in the laboratory, monitoring waste and by-products to make sure that they fall within safety limits and writing research.

Qualification: Go for a B.Tech in leather technology from a recognised institution. Diploma courses in leather technology, too, are available. For better career prospects, you may go for a Master’s degree.

Landscape Architect

Landscape architecture is about designing open spaces to add aesthetic value and find the best way to use such spaces. Industrial, residential and institutional spaces, all fall under the gamut of landscape design. Services of landscape architects are used in architectural design, real estate development, site planning, town or urban planning, parks and recreation, and in historic preservation.

Qualification: Landscape architecture is taught through the diploma or degree courses in different schools of architecture throughout the country. Admission is on the basis of a test, which evaluates a candidate’s aptitude for physics, chemistry and mathematics, as well as proficiency in drawing.

Energy Conservation Specialist

An energy conservation specialist typically drives activities such as consolidation of energy and production-related data, examination of energy conservation opportunities, comparison with the best energy-efficiency industry practices and formulating recommendations and action plans for energy saving.

Qualification: A B.E. or B.Tech in any discipline such as mechanical, electrical, production, instrumentation, chemical or even civil is the preferred qualification for a career in energy conservation. 

Green Architect

Architects design buildings – from homes to commercial to retail spaces. Architecture studies insist on efficient structural designs, climatic designs as well as understanding how to use water, light and air. After a basic course in architecture, familiarising yourself with the ‘green’ ratings will help you build structures responsibly.

Qualification: You can go for a B. Arch programme.

Nuclear Engineer

Nuclear engineering is all about the production and application of nuclear energy and the uses of radiation and radioactive materials. Most nuclear engineers design, construct and operate nuclear power plants, which generate electric power. They take care of every stage in the production of nuclear energy - from the processing of nuclear fuels to the disposal of radioactive wastes from nuclear reactors.

Qualification: Get a B.E. or B.Tech from a recognised institute and then go for an M.Tech in nuclear science and engineering.

Golf Course Designers

Golf course designers are architects as well as golfers who lend their experience to projects. Globally, there are renowned former golfers, such as Greg Norman, who design signature golf courses.

Qualification: You can pursue a B.Arch programme from a reputed institute.

Petroleum Engineer

Petroleum engineering is concerned with the exploration of hydrocarbons, reservoir studies, drilling and well completion, operations and production of oil and gas and their transportation. Petroleum engineers search the world for reservoirs containing oil and natural gas. On discovery of these resources, they work with geologists and other specialists to understand the geologic formation and properties of the rock containing the reservoir, determine the drilling methods to be used, and monitor drilling and production operations. They design equipment and processes to achieve maximum and profitable recovery of oil and gas.

Qualification: Go for a B.E. or B.Tech and then you can go for an M.Tech programme and later Ph.D.

Air Traffic Control Officers

Air traffic control officers (ATCOs) guide aircraft for safe take-off, landing and en route navigation. They do so by visual observation from the ATC tower’s windows and through radar.

Qualification: A B.E. or B.Tech in Electronics, Telecommunication, radio engineering, or electrical with first class. Or, a Master’s in electronics or any discipline with electronics, telecom, radio physics, as specialisation subjects. Clear the Airports Authority of India’s written test, followed by a voice test, personal interview and a medical examination. After which, finalists are sent for training.

Ceramic Engineer

Ceramics are inorganic non-metallic materials. Ceramic engineering refers to the processing and fabrication of components/ devices /machines of ceramics for technological applications.

Qualification: Pursue a Bachelor’s in ceramic engineering. A Master’s and a doctorate is required for brighter career prospects. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and National Institute of Technology, Rourkela are some of the colleges that can provide you with the requisite degrees.

Naval Architect

Naval architects design, develop and repair watercraft, and other structures such as hydrofoils and oil drilling platforms. They design basic structure (hull geometry), make the final design and do stability calculations, among other activities.

Qualification: Pursue a B.Tech degree in naval architecture and ocean engineering.

While these are just some of the options that students can choose from, there are several other interesting careers coming up in a big way. All those who aspire to be engineers of the modern age should do some bit of research on their own and pick up the most suitable options for themselves.

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