Botany as a Lucrative Career Option

Vinod Sharma updated on : 05 May 2016

Botany is increasingly becoming one of the sought after study options among Science students in India.

Before we start discussing Botany as a career option, let us dig a little deeper into the subject to understand what is it all about. Botany aka plant science or plant biology is a science of plants and is a part of biology. The one who specializes in Botany is called plant scientist or botanist. Areas of study in Botany include, but surely not limited to, plants, fungi, algae, metabolism, diseases, growth and structure of different plants. Other than studying the plant life, a botanist also helps in finding solutions to the agricultural and forestry problems. Besides this, botanists are also involved in some of the highly interesting and advanced areas of research and development like artificial environment, space travel agriculture, hydroponics etc.

Since a degree in Botany offers lucrative career options, it is increasingly becoming one of the sought after study options among Science students in India. Since it is an extensive scientific study of plants, their structures, processes, growth and uses other than evolution, development, aging and death, it demands considerable dedication, attention and perseverance on the part of aspirants. To pursue a successful and rewarding career as a botanist, penchant for flora, inquisitiveness and love for the aesthetic beauty of nature is imperative.

The study options for the aspirants start right after 10th where they can choose ‘Medical Stream’ wherein Botany is taught as a part of Biology. Once the candidate passes 10+2 in the stream, the course options widen. To know about them, continue reading the following information.

Course options at undergraduate level

The specific course options in Botany start right after 10+2. Candidates need to enrol for the bachelor’s degree programs since B.Sc. in Botany is the minimum requirement to pursue a range of careers in the field.

Eligibility Criteria

Those who aspire to become botanists and/or pursue a rewarding career in the field need to study Botany at the undergraduate level. Various universities offer B.Sc. degree in Botany and B.Sc. (Hons) in Botany. To take admission in any of the university offering bachelor’s degree in Botany, candidates must have passed the senior secondary exam with a minimum of 55 percent marks, which can go up to 60 percent based on university guidelines. As per the rules, SC/ST/OBC/ students get relaxation in marks.


Job Options after B.Sc. Botany

All jobs options that require graduation as a minimum educational qualification are open for the candidates who have B.Sc. degree in Botany. Other than this, job options in the education sector (government and private institutions) are also alluring. B.Sc. degree in Botany with B.Ed. makes aspirants eligible for the position of TGT (teaching from 6th to 10th class) in government and private schools. 

B.Sc. degree holders can also work as medical representatives and scientific assistants in the pharmaceutical, herbal based medicinal and food industries. Apart from this, central and state government departments require horticulturists in public works departments and municipal corporations for a range of public and private institutions. Candidates are also eligible for jobs of technical assistants in academic institutions and biology laboratories.

Course options after graduation

B.Sc. degree in Botany opens a bevy of study options to the students. Depending on their preferences, they can pursue studies further. Some of the sought-after and popular degree courses after B.Sc. in Botany include the following:

• M.Sc. in Botany/Plant Science
• M.Sc. in Economic Botany
• M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding
• M.Sc. in Plant Molecular Biology
• M.Sc. in Biotechnology
• M.Sc. in Horticulture
• M.Sc. in Biochemistry
• M.Sc. in Plant Physiology
• M.Sc. in Mycology and Plant Pathology
• M.Sc. in Microbiology
• M.Sc. in Botany and Forestry
• M.Sc. in Applied Botany
• M.Sc. in Herbal Science
• M.Sc. in Plant Morphology
• M.Sc. in Plant Physiology
• M.Sc. in Agronomy
• M.Sc. in Plant Systematics
• M.Sc. in Plant Ecology
• M.Sc. in Plant Genetic
• M.Sc. in Plant Anatomy
• M.Sc. in Forestry

Diploma Courses after B.Sc. Botany

• PG Diploma in Plant Biodiversity
• PG Diploma in Medico Botany

Job Options

Candidates with master’s degree in Botany have a range of lucrative career options beckoning them. They can take different roles in government and private sectors. In the following lines, we are mentioning a few of them.
• Plant Explorers
• Nursery Manager
• Ecologist
• Environmental Consultant
• Molecular Biologist
• Taxonomist
• Researchers
• Plant Pathologist
• Environment Consultants
• Plant Biochemist
• Mycologist
• Plant Explorers
• Fruit Growers
• Conservationists
• Forester
• Ecologists
• Horticulturist
• Genetics
• Farming Consultant
• Assistant Professors in government and private colleges (with NET and SET)
Those with master’s degree in Botany can explore some of the following fields for lucrative job options:

• Universities and Colleges (private and government)
• Forest Services
• Food Companies
• Seed and Nursery Companies
• Plant Resources Laboratory
• Land Management Agencies
• National Parks
• Oil Industry
• Arboretum
• Biological Supply Houses
• Plant Health Inspection Services
• Chemical Industry
• Biotechnology Firms
• Herbal Pharmaceutical Companies

Beyond PG level

Those who want to pursue further studies in Botany can go for M.Phil and Ph.D in Botany. Those with M.Phil degree can go for Ph.D or work as research scholars or assistant professors at college levels. Once candidates complete their Ph.D degree, they can teach in degree colleges and universities (government and private) as assistant professors. In addition to this, they can also take the positions of environmentalists, plant pathologists, biotechnologists, plant breeders and research scientists.

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