Indian youth can seek to be employable with the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
The newly formed ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship's flagship programme, a skill based training scheme called Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) has received a nod from the Cabinet. PMKVY will be rolled out under the leadership of Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy, which will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
The Cabinet has approved a whopping Rs. 1500 crore as the outlet of the scheme. Of the total amount, INR 1,120 crore will be spent on skill training of about 14 Lakh youth, INR 220 crore will be used to emphasise on recognition of prior learning, and INR 67 crore will be spent on building awareness about the scheme amongst people and mobilisation efforts.
Mobilisation will be done through skill ‘melas’ organised at the local level with the participation of the State Governments, Municipal Bodies, Panchayati Rai Institutions and community-based organisations. The focus under the scheme is also on mentorship support and placement facilitation. An additional allocation of Rs.150 crores has been made for the training of youth from the North-East region.
The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) will cover 24 lakh people. Skill training will be rolled out as per National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry-led standards. Under the scheme, a monetary reward will be given to trainees on assessment and certification by third party assessment bodies. The average monetary reward will be around Rs. 8000 per trainee.
Highlights of skill training under PMVKY:
- PMKVY will be carried out on the basis of demand assessed of recent skill gap studies conducted by the NSDC for the period 2013-17 (Central Ministries/Departments/State Governments, industry and business will be consulted for assessment demand)
- The target for skilling will be aligned to demand from other flagship programmes launched in recent times such as Make in India, Digital India, National Solar Mission and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
- A demand aggregator platform to be launched soon, which will assess if the target for skilling is met or not
- Skill training will focus on first-time entrants to the labour market & primarily target Class 10 and Class 12 drop outs
NSDC’s training partners will implement the scheme on an all-India level basis. At present, NSDC has 187 training partners that have over 2300 centres. Central / State Government affiliated training providers would also be looped in for training under PMKVY.
All training providers will have to undergo a due diligence before being eligible for participating in this scheme. Focus under the PMKVY would be on improved curricula, better pedagogy and better-trained instructors. Training would include soft skills, personal grooming, behavioural change for cleanliness, good work ethics. Sector Skill Councils and the State Governments would closely monitor skill training that will happen under PMKVY.
Checklist for the smooth functioning of the PMKVY scheme:
- Skill Development Management System (SDMS) will be put in place to verify and record details of all training centres and track a certain quality of training locations and courses.
- Biometric system and video recording of the training process will also be implemented wherever applicable.
- Everybody undergoing training will have to give feedback at the time of assessment and this will become the key element of the evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness of the PMKVY scheme.
- A robust grievance redressal system will be created to address grievances relating to the implementation of the scheme.
- An online citizen portal would be put in place to disseminate information about the scheme.
With inputs from Press Information Bureau (PIB)