Career Opportunities after 10th

Nidhi Mishra updated on : 01 Mar 2017

Zeroing in on an appropriate career path after matriculation is much more complicated than what meets the eye. For making the most of the career opportunities after 10th, you have to factor in several key aspects, such as your interests and career goals.

Career Opportunities after 10th

Career Opportunities after 10th - Perplexed is the feeling when it comes to choosing an appropriate career path after completing your secondary education. The feeling is understandable, given the diversity of career opportunities after 10th, and lack of expert guidance, and mentoring. The other contributing factor to the situation can be the inability to figure out your true passion, which often proves catastrophic to the future prospects. Moreover, you are in your teens and your ability to weigh the cons and pros of a particular career path is relatively underdeveloped. Hence, you are prone to lapse in judgment. This may cost you dearly in the long run, as the choices made at this juncture set the trajectory for your professional and personal life.

The situation calls for career planning, a tool that can help you make educated decisions about what career opportunities after 10th are apt for your unique situation. Herein, you contemplate several key aspects like your interests and inclinations, education capital, and career goals and devise a winning strategy accordingly. Given its extensiveness, career planning is a time and effort intensive affair. However, the multiple benefits it offers are worth the ordeal. When done with career planning, you have the purpose and clear vision of your future life. As well, you will be mentally prepared to take challenges that your chosen career path will throw up as you progress. However, if career planning is not your cup of tea, prefer taking some professional help readily available from online and offline resources.

Let’s help you with your career planning efforts with a detailed list of career opportunities after 10th. However, it is worth mentioning that career prospects in the post-matriculation scenario largely depend on two factors – either your willingness to further the education or preference for a job immediately after. In either of the situations, career opportunities are aplenty. Few of them find mention below.        

Furthering your Education:

An overwhelming majority of students prefer to further their education with courses in three streams namely – science, commerce, and humanities. The idea of being a chooser is enthralling, as students have been denied of any such privilege in all their academic life. With privilege comes responsibility, as the age-old adage goes. Your responsibility as a student is to make pragmatic decisions that can set the tone for a successful, productive, and satisfying life. Mentioned below is a brief description of what the three prominent career streams have in store for you.       


Science education is integral to the advancement of humanity. As a science student, you are more likely to end up gaining a rational mindset, cultivating problem-solving abilities, and other virtues essential for personality development. Contextually, the stream offers rewarding career opportunities after 10th.

Pursuing science stream comes with advantages. It is an entry point to two of the conventionally preferred professional courses and career options, engineering and medicine that are. Switching to commerce and humanities in the later part of the career is a possibility for science students, while their counterparts are bereft of any such advantage. Even though the courses are intricate vis-a-vis commerce and arts, the career gains are profound enough to justify the hard work.

When opting for career opportunities after 10th in the science stream, you are at liberty to go for either medical group or non-medical group. Physics, Chemistry, and English are subjects common to both groups. While the medical group will include biology and the non-medical group will feature Mathematics as the third main subject. However, you are free to pursue both groups simultaneously, which is an audacious decision given the intense competition and taxing curriculum. Herein, the word to the wise is discretion, as the decision will define your career path and future lifestyle. You will be better off if the decision is based on self-awareness.

Non-Medical Group:

Non-Medical refers to technical education, which is crucial for the prosperity of the society, nation, and humanity at large. It promotes reason by way of observation and experimentation, which serves as the base for knowledge advancement. Technical education delivers on career prospects as well, which speaks for the growing deluge. It is an evolving world and your gateway to lucrative, intellectually stimulating and satisfying career options, such as engineering, academics, research and development to name a few. Even our armed forces need competent engineers to implement defence mechanisms.

Your specialisation choices are vast with the non-medical group. You can pursue a B- Tech programmes in disciplines like Mechanical, Electrical, Civil, Chemical, Computer Science, IT, IC, EC, and Electronics, along with Electronics and Telecommunication, Petroleum, and Aeronautical. Other popular options include Engineering degree in Aerospace, Automobile, Mining, Biotechnology, Genetic, Plastics, Food Processing and Technology, Agricultural, Dairy Technology, Agricultural Information Technology, and Power Engineering. You can also make a career in specialisations, including Production, Infrastructure, Motorsport, Metallurgy, Textile, Environmental, Marine, and Naval Architecture.

Beyond the aforementioned description, it merits note that career opportunities after 10th in the non-medical stream are earned. To realise your B-Tech enrollment goals, getting past intake exams conducted at state and national level is a requisite. You have to get the better of thousands of fellow career seekers to make way into the leading technical institutes, including the famed IITs. Therefore, laxity should give way to purpose and hard work, failing which a B-tech degree is a distant reality.  

Besides B-Tech, you can secure decent career options after 10th by pursuing Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree in Agriculture, IT, Computer Science, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Nautical Science, Horticulture, Forestry, and Electronics, along with Electronics and Communication and Biotechnology. Bachelor of Computer Applications, more often referred to as BCA, is also a sought-after career choice available at the graduation level.

Medical Group:

The medical group brings to you stable careers, good money, social esteem, and a satisfaction of contributing towards the health and wellness of the masses. Almost all students pursue medical stream with a dream of becoming a doctor. However, only a select few succeed in their endeavour, leaving the rest to opt for alternative career options. The list of career opportunities after 10th in the medical stream is vast and may include Dental Science – BDS, Ayurveda – BAMS, Homeopathy – BHMS, B Pharmacy, D Pharma, BASLP, Bachelor of Physiotherapy, Bachelor of Occupational Therapy, and UNANI – BUMS.

However, if any of the above-stated options do not interest you, pursuing a Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree in the desired discipline can prove to be a winning move. Herein, your options include BSc in Anthropology, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Audiology, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Radiology, Microbiology, Zoology, Forensic Science, Pathology, Speech Therapy, Fisheries Science, Horticulture, Genetics, Sports Science, and Botany.

Commerce Stream:

Commerce stream has survived the onslaught of information and technology only to retain its appeal as the second most popular career option after science. Conventionally, the stream has been perceived as the refuge for students who are not bright enough for sciences. However, the verity is different. Some of the brightest minds take up commerce and make the most out of it to emerge as business leaders. Commerce education is not only an entryway to careers in business but it also allows established entrepreneurs to learn new ways of keeping the growth prospects of their organisations lively. Career options after 10th in commerce stream received an impetus from the rapid industrialisation, globalisation, and privatisation that we have witnessed lately.

Besides vocation, commerce education’s significance for the greater cause cannot be undermined. As a commerce student, you end up gaining aptitude and skills essential for handling trade and commerce that are the cornerstones for the prosperity of an individual, family, region, and the nation. When pursuing commerce stream at senior secondary level, you will be reading subjects like Economics, English, Accountancy, Business Studies, and Organisation of Commerce, Mathematics, Information Practices and Statistics.  

Commerce education presents opportunities in form of under graduation and post-graduation degrees, including B. Com., BA, BFA Courses, Bachelor’s Course in Economics, Company Secretary Course, and Chartered Accountancy to name a few. In the post-graduation scenario, you have the opportunity to enrol in MBA programmes offered by several universities and B-schools. In addition, it opens doors for other courses in management fields, such as, but not restricted to, Bachelor of Management Studies, Integrated BBA + MBA program, Bachelor of Hotel Management, and Retail Management.


Study of humanities is an enlightening experience. Herein, you end up achieving a better understanding of the world around. It offers you insights into culture, polity, and geography of a given location, which promotes peace and harmony. You have a realistic chance of knowing your history, bringing clarity to the present and predicting future. You not only gain proficiency in the nuances of art, music, philosophy, literature, and religion but also use the knowledge to bring about a tangible change to your life and life of others. Unfortunately, humanities have been misconstrued as the slot reserved for students with low intellect. In fact, many aspirants prefer making humanities as the stepping stone for a career as a civil servant. 

Contrary to the general belief, humanities have great career opportunities after 10th in store for you. During your senior secondary years, you have the option to choose five main subjects from options like English, Economics, Music, Home Science, History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Physical Education, Public Administration, Mathematics, Computer Science, Fine Arts, and Sociology. At graduation level, you have the liberty to opt for varied professional courses, such as Bachelor of Arts degree in Finance, Literature, Philosophy, Fine Arts, Theatre, Library Sciences, Applied Sciences, Mathematics, Yoga and Naturopathy, Anthropology, and Home Sciences among others.

Vocational Training Courses:

The need for vocational training has grown exponentially in the recent years, which is due to the evolution of technology, rapid industrialisation, and a consistent hunt for new initiatives. Apparently, vocational training courses can offer lucrative career opportunities after 10th provided you have a technical aptitude and passion for innovation. You can opt for either Industrial Training Institutes or Industrial Training Centres to achieve a vocational training certificate, which can be instrumental for decent earning. The courses on offer are cost effective and focus more on practical training than theoretical knowledge. This speaks for their popularity among students who cannot pursue engineering degrees due to lack of exposure and funds. 

The list of career options after 10th in vocational courses is as wide as it gets. The popular options include:

  • Agriculture
  • Dairy Technology
  • Fire & Safety
  • Fisheries & Sciences
  • Interior designing
  • Jewellery designing
  • Lift technology
  • Electrical technician
  • Air ticketing
  • Fashion technology
  • Typewriting
  • Electronics
  • Welding
  • Locksmiths
  • Carpentry.

Additionally, you can pursue courses like Hotel management, Motorcycle and automotive repair, Floral Design Medical Transcription, Plumbing, Refrigeration & Air Conditioning, Beauty Culture, Tailoring & Dress Making, and Cosmetology, along with Computer network management and Food and beverage management.

Direct Career options after 10th:

If insufficient budget, lack of interest or family obligations keeps you away from furthering your education, searching for direct employment options is the right thing to do. Though limited in number, career opportunities after 10th do exist. Few of them find a mention below.

Indian Army:

Representing Indian Army as a soldier is a living reality for anyone with a valid matriculation certificate. However, getting past the Indian Army Soldier General Duty (N.E.R.) The examination is a requisite. In addition, you can join the army as Soldier Clerk, Soldier Technical, and Soldier Nursing Assistant provided you clear the post specific intake exams.

Indian Navy:

Indian Navy reaches out to deserving candidates with varying career opportunities after 10th, such as Sailors, Artificer, Dock Yard Apprentices, and so forth. Here too, clearing intake exam is an essentiality.

Police Force:

You can fructify your dream of donning the Khaki immediately after completing matriculation. You need to appear for a written exam followed by a physical test.

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