India's higher education system is the world's third largest in terms of students, next to China and the United States. Since Independence, the Technical Education System in our country has grown into a fairly large-sized system.
India's higher education system is the world's third largest in terms of students, next to China and the United States. Since Independence, the Technical Education System in our country has grown into a fairly large-sized system, offering opportunities for education and training in a wide
variety of trades and disciplines at certificate, diploma, degree, postgraduate degree and doctoral levels in institutions located throughout the country. The overall scenario of higher education in India does not match with the global Quality standards. Hence, there is enough justification for an increased assessment of the Quality of the country’s educational institutions. In order to maintain the standard of technical education, The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)- was set up in 1945. AICTE is responsible for the planning, formulation and maintenance of norms and standards, quality assurance through accreditation, funding in priority areas, monitoring and evaluation, maintaining parity of certification and awards and ensuring coordinated and integrated development and management of technical education in the country. This Article is exploring the current scenario of Technical Education prevailing in the country, the challenges faced, future prospects and job opportunity for the candidates pursuing technical education.
TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN INDIA
Technical education contributes a major share to the overall education system and plays a vital role in the social and economic development of our nation. In India, technical education is imparted at various levels such as: craftsmanship, diploma, degree, post-graduate and research in specialized fields, catering to various aspects of technological development and economic progress. The provisions AICTE Act, “Technical Education” means programs of education, research and training in the following fields:-
- Engineering and Technology
- Town Planning and Management
- Pharmacy and Applied Arts and crafts
As per the statistics posed by department of Higher Education, Govt. of India, around 18,000 institutions are functioning in the country with approx 5.00lakh teachers employed under various streams. Many technical institutions are globally acclaimed for the standards and quality they deliver but it is a matter of concern that none among the 621 Universities in the country features among the first 200 in the world. Here, it is to be noted that 3,2,2,1 &2 Universities from Hongkong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and China respectively are ranked within the 100 best Universities in the World. The compound annual growth rate of institutions during the 61 year period is 6.7% excluding the IIT’s and NIT’s and the percentage increase in the number of engineering institutions between 1995 to 2005 is 298.66%.
Engineering education is one among the premier measures of any developing country as it has to play a vital role in producing good engineers for the development of the nation in all aspects. The prospects and development in the higher education sector in India. We need higher and technically educated people who are skilled and who can drive our economy forward. If India could provide skilled people to the outside world, then we could transfer our country from a developing nation to a developed nation in a short span. So in 21st century due to government policy and planning there are lots of job opportunity for the coming Engineering in Computer Science, Telecom, Civil, Mechanical, nanotechnology. Skilled professional is the demand of the job sector which only possible after pursuing technical education. In 21st century every job sector is related with technology either it is software company, telecom, mechanical companies, civil construction, banking and many more sectors. There is a great demand in the market for technically skilled professionals.
The Department of Engineering has been established with a view to provide quality technical education. Essel group is pioneer in professional engineering discipline that deals with design, construction & similarly Electronics and Communication Engineering courses give enormous job opportunities in electronic and software companies.
Authored by Mr. Amit Kumar (B.Tech, M.Tech)
Faculty at Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, with a rich academic experience of over 8 years. He is currently pursuing a Ph.D. and his work has been published in various national and international journals.