Over 2.12 Lakh Tribes Facing Grave Challenges on Water Supply & Sanitation - IIHMR University

Anjani Chaand updated on : 18 Apr 2016

Jharkhand needs over 1.65 Cr. workforces by 2022 for rural sector growth (NSDC, 2015)

IIHMR University

Socio-economic development, agriculture, healthcare, preservation of cultural heritage, skill development, education and empowering the tribes through various schemes have ever since been the focus in the state of Jharkhand.  The growing need of the CSR spending made mandatory by the government, and the total amount of spending in the state of has risen upto Rs. 913.73 cr in the fiscal year of 2015-16. However, there are indeed various other segments which need more focus and the manpower for the social well-being of the people belonging to the bottom of the pyramid within the state of Jharkhand. This creates better and more opportunities for the Rural Managers. With the growing need of Rural Mangers in the state of Jharkhand, India’s leading research oriented institute, the IIHMR University, Jaipur shared its insights over a press conference on 8th April, 2016.

Dr. Goutam Sadhu, Dean School of Rural Management at the IIHMR University, Jaipur said, “According to the Census, Jharkhand has a population of 32.96 million, consisting of 16.93 million males and 16.03 million females. The population consists of 28% tribal peoples (scheduled tribe is 86,45,042, of them, 78,68,150 live in rural and 7,76,892 in urban areas). The Budget allocation for various schemes/ programmes of Ministry of Tribal Affairs for 2014-15 was Rs. 4479.00 crore and the Revised Estimates was Rs. 3850.00 crore. The total releases made by the Ministry during the year 2014-15 (upto 31.12.2014) were Rs.3002.31 crore, which is 77.98 % of the Revised Estimates/Final Grants. The state is the 5th poorest Indian state with 51.6% rural people below the poverty line (BPL). The state needs an improved water and sanitation facility where Flouride and Iron contamination along with poor water quality is the major issue in most parts of the state. According to a report on Tribal Development Plan 2013, about 85% people defecate in the open - only 7.6% rural households have toilets in houses & 2% rural households have closed drainage facility. Also, the coverage of rural water supply and sanitation services is very low in the state with 49% population still relying on hand pump. State shows India’s highest mortality rates for children with 69 per1000 under 5 years and infant mortality rate at 67 per 1000 4 out of every 10 women are undernourished and the percentage of child immunization is 34.2% as against India's average of 49.7%.”

Jharkhand is one amongst the four states (Assam, Bihar, UP and Jharkhand)  that has been prioritized by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS), GOI, on the basis of States with lowest percentage of households with rural piped water coverage as per Census 2011 figures. State shows India’s highest mortality rates for children with 69 per 1000 under 5 years and infant mortality rate at 67 per 1000, 4 out of every 10 women are undernourished. 

Dr. Sadhu also added, “ According to Deloitte Analysis- published by national Skill Development Corporation presentation for the state of Jharkhand 2012- 2022, the projected workforce by 2022 in Jharkhand is 172 lakhs and the the state needs to skill 5.8 lakh persons to meet the demand of skilled manpower. The incremental deficit of manpower in skilled and semi-skilled category is about 3.24 lakhs, which can be met by skilling the excess manpower in the minimally skilled category. Healthcare, Education, skill development, livelihood &  preservation of cultural heritage create more jobs for Rural Managers.   Expenditure of Ministry of Tribal Affairs in 2013-14 on Vocational training of Tribal Areas in Jharkhand is 8.8167 crore and the expenditure on Strengthening of Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts is Rs. 40.3001 crore in 2013-14 (As per Tribal Welfare and Development Report). Jharkhand is amongst the top 10 employer preferred locations in terms of hiring (ISR 2016). The state is number 9 in terms of the employable population Jharkhand is 2nd in terms of the most employable candidates aged between 26-29 years and 10th for the employable candidates between 18-21 years. Thus, all the above aspects create more opportunities for Rural Mangers in Jharkhand.”

The overall socio-economic upliftment of the state of Jharkhand has created a need for the Rural Management professionals in various areas. The IIHMR University School of Rural Management has a project under the name Aapni Yojna which has led in creating the areas of Churu and Hanumangarh districts in the state of Rajasthan into open defecation free and has created self- help groups in the area to manage the activity under the leadership of Dr. Goutam Sadhu.

The IIHMR University’s School of Rural Management provides a program under MBA Rural Management. The alumni of IIHMR University’s School of Rural Management are working at various senior positions in organizations such as Reliance Foundation, HCL, NRHM, NUHM, Coal India, GVT, Save the Children, etc.

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