Top Physics & Astronomy Colleges in India

Jayita Ekka updated on : 28 Jun 2017

Here is a list of Top Physics and Astronomy Colleges in India basis QS World University Rankings.

Aryabhatta, Sisir Kumar Mitra, C.V Raman, Ashok Sen or the newest Tathagat Avatar Tulsi; these are some of the biggest names in the world of Physics. Be it the Āryabhaṭīya and the Arya-Siddhanta or Sisir Mitra’s investigations into the ionosphere or C.V Raman’s groundbreaking work in the field of light scattering, India is famous for her Physics geniuses over the centuries. Child prodigy Tathagat Avatar Tulsi is credited for his thesis on "Generalisations of the Quantum Search Algorithm and A New Algorithm for Fixed-point Quantum Search" with Lov Grover, the inventor of a quantum search algorithm.

The passion and drive, with which India has given the world so many famous physicists, is alive till date and it is evident by the famous Physics colleges in India. Almost every state university in India has a Physics department and the number of private colleges offering Physics courses and Astronomy courses has also gone up over the years.

QS World University Rankings is a prestigious world university ranking of colleges and universities. This list ranks the Top 400 colleges across all subjects. According to the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 - Physics & Astronomy, India has emerged as one of the leaders offering education in Physics in Asia. Study Physics in India at these prestigious Physics universities and get set for a successful career in Physics. As per the QS World University Rankings 2015, these are the top 10 Indian colleges for Physics.

These best institutes in India for Physics & Astronomy were selected based on their academic reputation, employer reputation, and research impact.

Top Physics and Astronomy Colleges in India




 Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay



Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR)


 University of Delhi (DU)


 Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISc)


Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-D)


 Indian Institute of Technology, Madras



Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IIT-K)


 Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (BHU)


Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru


Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai (IMC)


Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT-B)

The Physics Department of IIT-B is one of the best in the country. The flagship courses of Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay include a 4-year B.Tech programme in Engineering Physics and a 2-year M.Sc. programme in Physics. Besides this IIT-B also offers 2 dual degree programmes - B.Tech-M.Tech in Engineering Physics and M.Sc.- PhD in Physics. ThePhD. programme is much sought after, with over 50 research students currently enrolled in various research programmes. The Physics department at IIT Bombay also undertakes cutting edge research in Physics ranging from Nano Sciences to High Energy Particle Physics.

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR)

TIFR functions under the umbrella of Department of Atomic Energy under the GOI and also undertakes researchers in other fields like Biology, Mathematics, Computer Science, Chemistry etc. While the main campus is located in Mumbai, there is a TIFR Pune campus, TIFR Bangalore campus & TIFR Hyderabad campus as well. The TIFR Mumbai campus offers Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics with specializations in X-Ray & Gamma Ray Astronomy, Infrared and Optical Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics. Other fields in Physics by TIFR include Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science, High Energy Physics, Theoretical Physics, Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Nuclear & Atomic Physics. The TIFR Pune campus has the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA).

University of Delhi (DU)

One of the most reputed universities in India, Delhi University is foremost when it comes to Physics education in India. The Department of Physics & Astrophysics, DU offers other fields of specialisations like Bio-Physics with top-notch faculty from the country. 

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISc)


IISc is regarded as one of the finest institutions for scientific research in India. IISc Bengaluru has been ranked Number 11 worldwide (and ranked 3rd in Asia) when considering the criteria of Citations per Faculty in 2014. IISc has made a significant contribution to advanced computing, space, and nuclear technologies.

Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-D)

IITD is hailed as one of the most prestigious technology colleges in India. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi offers courses specific to Physics in its undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph. D programmes. M. Tech in Physics, M. Tech in Optoelectronics and Optical Communication, M. Tech in Solid State Materials, M. Tech in Applied Optics are some of the coveted programmes here.


Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M)

IITM is reputed for its research in many frontier areas like experimental solid state physics, optical and laser physics, and various aspects of theoretical and computational physics ranging from condensed matter to string theory and cosmology. Courses offered at Indian Institute of Technology, Madras includes Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in 'Engineering Physics' in association with the Department of Electrical Engineering. There are three types of Master's programmes: Dual Degree programme including Bachelor of Science and a Master of Science in Physics, Master of Science (M.Sc.) programme in Physics, and a Master of Technology (M.Tech.) in Solid State Technology. There are also regular Doctoral Research (PhD) programmes.

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IIT-K)

IIT Kharagpur is reputed for its Master's programme in Physics and research. IIT Kharagpur offers five-year integrated M.Sc. Programme in Physics, Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D. Programme in Physics, Two-year M. Tech Programme in Solid State Technology, and Ph. D. in Physics.

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (BHU)

BHU or Banaras Hindu University’s Department of Physics, formerly known as Applied Physics Section specialises in quality research and training in Applied Physics in Physics, Engineering & Technology. The Department of Physics offers four courses to B. Tech Part – I students and two courses to B. Pharm Part – I students every year. Physics Department at BHU also offers two courses to B.Tech branch each semester. Besides this, the M. Tech Department and Ph. D. programme at Banaras Hindu University offers an excellent research programme in the field of Space Science, Solar Physics, Plasma Physics, Fiber Optics, Photonics & Optoelectronics, Materials Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics, Remote Sensing and Nano-Technology.


Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru

The Indian Institute of Astrophysics is one of India’s top-notch colleges dedicated to research in astronomy, astrophysics and related physics. The IIA, Bangalore can be traced back to an observatory set up in the erstwhile Madras (now Chennai) in 1786. This observatory has now been shifted to Kodaikanal. It is an autonomous society called the Indian Institute of Astrophysics. It is funded by the Department of Science and Technology and is devoted to research and education of Astronomy & Physics. The major observation centres are located at Kodaikanal, Kavalur, Gauribidanur ad Hanle (in south-eastern Ladakh). The Bangalore campus has an extensive library, computer centre, physics laboratories and electronics, photonics and mechanical laboratories supporting an active instruments development programme.

Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai (IMSc)

The Institute of Mathematical Sciences is located in the CIT campus of Chennai and offers research in frontier disciplines of Mathematics and Physical Sciences like Theoretical Computer Science, Mathematics, Theoretical Physics etc. IMC offers graduate, post-doctoral, Ph. D and integrated Ph. D programmes in Physics. Admission to the Masters and Ph. D programmes are based on the candidate’s performance in Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) and interview. For junior research fellowships, UGC-CSIR NET Examination or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) may apply.

Besides the best physics institutes mentioned above, there are many other credible institutions of Physics in India, which are the best in their own specialisations and research. Some of them include:

Research Institutes of Physics in India

Indian Institute Of Technology, Chennai

Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 

Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 

Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore 

Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai

Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad 

Central Power Research Institute

Institute for Plasma Research

Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR) 

Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation 

Indian Space Research Organization 

Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences 

Raman Research Institute

Central Inland Capture Fisheries Research Institute

Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 

Regional Research Laboratory

Indian Statistical Institute

Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics

Institute of Mathematical Sciences

Forest Research Institute 

Indian School of Mines, Jharkhand


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