B.Tech Genetic Engineering

BE or B.Tech in Genetic Engineering is to help students learn about complete genetic procedures and techniques. Genetic Engineering is to make students aware of the methods in which traits and characteristics of an organism are transmitted through generations.

Students who are enrolled in the course are taught advanced ways to develop organisms that are capable of meeting environmental challenges and changing needs of modern medicine. Some of the efficient examples of genetically engineered organisms currently available in the market include plants that are resistant to some insects, crops with modified oil content, and plants that are able to tolerate herbicides.

Research, agriculture, medicine, and industrial biotechnology are some of the fields that make use of Genetic engineering techniques. This means B.Tech in Genetic Engineering students get the opportunity to work in medical and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture industries, as well as, research and development.

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Course Highlights


Course name

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering

Course level



4 years

Examination type

Semester system

Course fee

INR 2 to 10 Lacs

Average starting salary

INR 3 to 8 Lacs

Major entrance exams

JEE Main, JEE Advanced, SRMEEE, VITEEE, BITSAT, etc.

Top Colleges for B.Tech in Genetic Engineering

The following are some of the top colleges that offer B.Tech in Genetic Engineering for aspirants who wish to build a career in the field of genetic engineering.

Name of the College


Indian Institute of Technology


Indian Institute of Science (IISc)


Indian Institute of Technology


Indian Institute of Technology


All India Institute of Medical Sciences

New Delhi

Indian Institute of Science



Scope of Genetic Engineering

1. Students with B.Tech in Genetic Engineering can work as research assistants or as lab managers.

2. Genetic Engineering scientists and researchers usually find jobs in the research labs of universities and research institutions. They may even join R&D section of biotechnology industries.

3. After the completion of B.Tech in Genetic Engineering, a candidate may work in the field of medical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, as well as, government and private organisations for research and development. 

4. PhD Graduates in genetic engineering often carry on with their post-doctoral training and can join the university as lecturers or research scientists.

Applications of Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is used in medicine, research, and agriculture industries. It can also be used on a wide range of plants, animals, and microorganisms.

  •  Medicine – Genetic engineering in the field of medicine is used in the manufacturing of drugs. The concept of genetic engineering has been applied in laboratory research and gene therapy.


  •  Research - Scientists use genetic engineering in various research processes. Genes from various organisms are converted into bacteria for modification and storage for creating genetically modified bacteria.


  •  Agriculture - In agriculture, genetic engineering is used to form genetically modified crops or genetically modified organisms in order to produce various genetically modified food items.

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Career Options

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering degree holders has various opportunities in the field of medical and pharmaceutical industries, research and development departments, agricultural sector, genetic engineering firms, chemical companies, etc. A genetic engineer can work in private as well as government sectors.

With increasing number of Biotech companies, the future scope of genetic engineers is also growing in India and abroad. Graduates in this field can opt to teach as a career option. There are various colleges that offer genetic engineering courses and recruit professionals for the teaching job.

However, to become a genetic engineering research scientist, one needs a doctoral degree in biological science. The genetic engineering research scientist can become project leader or administrator of the entire research programme.

Here are certain well-known job profiles for genetic engineering graduates -

Job Profile

Job Description

Genetic Engineer

, They have to apply their knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles of design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products such as artificial organs, instrumentation, prostheses, medical information systems, and health care management.

Research Scientist

Research scientists are responsible for designing, undertaking and analysing information from controlled laboratory-based investigations, experiments, and trials.


They teach at undergraduate and graduate level in areas allocated to them by the Head of Department

Information Security Engineer

They plan security measures to monitor and protect sensitive data and systems from infiltration and cyber-attacks.

Medical Writer

They have to research, prepare and coordinate scientific publications. The medical writer is responsible for researching, editing and writing clinical as well as statistical reports and study protocols and summarise data from clinical studies.

Responsibilities of a Genetic Engineer

1. A B.Tech in Genetic Engineering must be aware of the concepts of the subjects and the future prospects of the study.

2. The study and research work must be conducted under the proper guidance of engineers.

3. Genetic engineers must maintain contacts with various firms and industries for future help in research.

4. They may have to extend their work timing in the case of special projects.

Top B.Tech Genetic Engineering Recruiters

Here are some of the top names that recruit B.Tech in Genetic Engineering degree holders -

  •  The National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi
  •  The Centre for DNA Fingerprint and Diagnostics, Hyderabad
  •  The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, Delhi
  •  Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, Chandigarh

Amazing campus and exposure is enormous

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User Rating

Great for students who want to make a difference to this world. SRM helps budding entrepreneurs enhance their skills and convert their startups into successful companies. The exposure you get here is incomparable to any other university. The campus life is so diverse and fun. It’s an absolute honour to study here.

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Eligibility Criteria

  •  Candidates must have passed 10+2 with minimum qualifying marks in aggregate with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the core subjects.
  •  Independent entrance tests for this programme are held by various state, central and private universities, which mostly requires a minimum of 50% marks as the prerequisite to appear for the test.

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Admission Process

  • For admission in B.Tech in Genetic Engineering, students must have passed Class 12th in Science stream. 
  • For admission to the course, candidates are required to qualify a relevant National/ State/ University level engineering entrance examination followed by rounds of counselling and personal interview.
  • In India, most of the colleges give admission to freshers on the basis of ranks secured in JEE Main exam. The Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) is usually conducted in the month of April.
  • Some institutions also provide admission on merit basis. For, IITs, it is necessary for students to qualify JEE Advanced after clearing JEE Main.

B.Tech in Genetic Engineering Specialization

Clinical Genetics - It is the study of treatment and counselling of individuals and families with heritable disorders and disease predisposition. Diagnostic tools for clinical genetics include standard ontologies for describing Dysmorphology and traits, disease locus mapping by linkage, pedigree analysis, karyotyping, genome sequencing and genotyping.

Behavioural Genetics - It is a field of scientific research that uses genetic methods to investigate the nature and origins of individual differences in behaviour. It may seem that it focus only on genetic information for behaviour changes but the field broadly investigates genetic as well as environmental influences, using various research designs.

Classical Genetics -  In this field of B.Tech in Genetic Engineering, Gregor Mendel who made it possible to identify the basic mechanisms of heredity teaches students about how to find out or go back to experiments on Mendelian inheritance. It is based on visible results of reproductive acts. 

Genomics - In this specialisation, students learn about the complete set of genetic material within an organism, i.e. genomes. Genomics involves the sequencing and analysis of genomes, as well as, deals with their structure, function, comparison, and evolution.

Population, Quantitative and Ecological Genetics - The closely related fields of population genetics and quantitative genetics focus on the genetic basis of phenotypic variation among the individuals in a population. Population genetics mainly deals with frequencies of alleles and genotypes, whereas quantitative genetics concentrates on the ways that individual variation in genotype and environment contribute to variance in phenotype. On the other hand, Ecological genetics deals with research on traits of ecological significance, such as traits related to fitness, which affect an organism's survival and reproduction.

Molecular Genetics - In this field, students learn about the structure and function of genes at a molecular level. Hence, it employs methods of both molecular biology and genetics. The study of chromosomes and gene expression of an organism can give insight into heredity, genetic variation, and mutations. There are a number of applications that are developed from this research, and these are considered parts of the process as well.

Genetic Algorithms – In B.Tech in Genetic Engineering, a Genetic algorithm is the study that deals with various ways to solve both constrained and unconstrained optimization problems based on natural selection, driving biological evolution. The genetic algorithm repeatedly modifies a population of individual solutions.

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