Medical Courses Syllabus at UG and PG Level

Syllabus at UG Level

 

Students pursuing MBBS medical courses study the following subjects:

·         Anatomy

·         Biochemistry

·         Physiology

·         Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

·         Microbiology

·         Pathology

·         Pharmacology

·         Anaesthesiology

·         Community Medicine

·         Dermatology and Venereology

·         Medicine

·         Obstetrics and Gynaecology

·         Ophthalmology

·         Orthopaedics

·         Otorhinolaryngology

·         Paediatrics

·         Psychiatry

·         Surgery

 

S. No.

Phase

Semesters

Subjects

1

Pre-clinical

1 – 2: Two Semesters

Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology

2

Para-clinical

3 – 5: Three Semesters

Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs

3

Clinical

6 – 9: Four Semesters

Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pediatrics

 

 

 

Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics)

 

 

 

Clinical postings

 

Students pursuing BDS medical courses study the following subjects:

S. No.

Year

Subjects

1

First Year

General Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology

General Human Physiology

Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics

Dental Anatomy, Embryology and Oral Histology

Dental Materials

Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

2

Second Year

General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

General Pathology

General Microbiology

Dental Materials

Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

Pre-Clinical Conservative Dentistry

3

Third Year

General Medicine

General Surgery

Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

Oral Medicine and Radiology

Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Periodontology

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

4

Fourth Year

Oral Medicine and Radiology

Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry

Periodontology

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

Public Health Dentistry

5

Fifth Year

Internship

 

Syllabus at PG Level

 

The curriculum of MD medical courses followed by most of the colleges include lectures, thesis, theory papers, clinical/ practical, oral examinations, seminars, journal clubs, group discussions, lab or experimental work and a research in the concerned area of specialization.

The examination is held at the end of six academic terms. Students are required to score a minimum of 50 percent marks in both theory and practical parts of the course. A thesis needs to be developed by each student under the guidance of a recognized postgraduate teacher. It encompasses all the work on an assigned research project and is submitted at least 6 months before the theory and clinical examinations. The theory section holds four theory papers, with content depending on the specialisation.

The syllabus followed by most of the colleges offering MD medical courses includes:

Theory

·          Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

·          Preparing a Patient for Surgery

·          Anaesthesia and Pain Management

·          Acute Life Support and Critical Care

·          Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Transfusion Products

·          Nutrition

·          Wounds, Tissue Repair and Scars

·          Basic Surgical Skills and Anastomosis

·          Principles of Laparoscopic Surgery

·          Wound Infection

·          Sterile Precautions and Theatre Safety

·          Parasitic Infections

·          AIDS

·          Transplantation

·          Cyst, Ulcers and Sinus

·          Principles of Oncology

·          Day Surgery

·          An Approach to Surgical Audit

·          Surgical Ethics

·          Clinical Trials and Statistics

·          Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Skin Grafting, Flaps-Principles of Soft Tissue Coverage, Hypospadias, and Principles of Microvascular Surgery with Special Reference to Vessel Repair

·          Burns

·          Accident and Emergency Surgery

·          Warfare Injuries

·          Craniocerebral Trauma (Head Injury), Spinal Injuries

·          Elective Neurosurgery: Brain Tumours, Spinal Cord Tumours, Hydrocephalus, Spinal Dysraphism

·          Cleft Lip and Palate

·          Maxillofacial Injuries

·          Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer

·          Disorders of Salivary Glands - Anatomy, Clinical Features, Investigations, Examination, Medical and Surgical Treatment of Stone, Infection and Tumour in the Salivary Glands

·          Pharynx, Larynx and Neck - Anatomy and Physiology Clinical Features, Investigations, Diagnosis and Emergency Treatment of Airway Obstruction and Tumours

·          Thyroid - Development and Anatomy, Physiology and Investigations, Medical and Surgical Treatment of Thyroid Problems

·          Parathyroid and adrenal glands - Surgical Concept of Parathyroid and Adrenal Disorders, Investigations, Role of Surgery, Management of Various Cancers

·          Breast - Surgical Anatomy, Investigations, Anomalies, Management of Benign and Malignant Breast Disorders

·         Thorax-Surgical Anatomy and Physiology, Investigations, Role of Surgery in Management of Chest Trauma and Surgical Oncology as Applied to Chest Surgery

·          Cardiac Surgery - Role of Surgery in Cardiac Diseases, Investigations, Management

·          Arterial Disorders -Nature of Occlusive Arterial Diseases, Acute Arterial Occlusion, Severely Ischaemic Limb, Aneurysm Diseases, Clinical Features, Investigations, Treatment Options

·          Venous disorders-Venous anatomy, physiology, varicose veins, DVT, Venous insufficiency and ulcers

·          Lymphoedema - Functions, Development, Causes, Clinical Features, Investigations, Treatment

·         Oesophagus - Anatomy, Physiology, Clinical Features, Investigations, Treatment of Benign and Malignant Disorders

·         Stomach and Duodenum - Anatomy and Pathophysiology, Clinical Features, Investigations, Management of Benign and Malignant Disorders

·          Liver - Anatomy, Clinical Features, Investigations Management of Liver Trauma, Infections, Tumours

·          Spleen - Anatomy, Pathology, Clinical Features Investigations, Management of Splenic Trauma

·          Gall Bladder and Bile Ducts - Surgical Anatomy, Physiology, Clinical Features, Investigations, Treatment of Benign and Malignant Disorders

·          Pancreas

·          Peritoneum, Omentum, Mesentery and Retroperitoneal Space

·          Small and Large Intestines

·          Intestinal Obstruction

·          Vermiform Appendix

·          Rectum

·          Anus and Anal Canal

·          Hernias, Umbilicus and Abdominal Wall

·          Genitourinary system: Urinary Symptoms, Investigation of the Urinary Tract and Anuria, Kidney and Ureters, Urinary Bladder, Prostate and Seminal Vesicles, Urethra and Penis, Testis and Scrotum

·          Postoperative Care

·          Paediatric Surgery: Preparation of Paediatric Surgery Patients Pre and postoperative, Soft Tissue Tumour, Causes of Neonatal Obstruction, Anorectal Malformation, Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis, Undescended Testis, Hirschsprung’s Disease, Oesophageal Atresia with Tracheoesophageal Fistula, Wilms Tumour, Malrotation of Gut

Practical

·          History and examination: History taking and examination as relevant to General Surgery.

·          Monitoring Skills: Temperature recording, capillary blood sampling, arterial blood sampling, venous blood sampling, cardiorespiratory monitoring, pre and post-operative patient monitoring and management accordingly

·          Therapeutic Skills: Tracheostomy, chest tube insertion, suturing, catheterization, Ryle’s tube insertion, airway management, nasogastric feeding, endotracheal intubation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, venipuncture and establishment of vascular access, administration of fluids, blood, blood components, parenteral nutrition, common dressings, abscess drainage and basic principles of rehabilitation, and bed sores management

·         Diagnostic Skills: Interpretation of X-rays/CT/MRI, ultrasonographic abnormalities and laboratory tests

·         Surgical Skills: Observation of general layout and working of OT, understanding the importance of managing and maintaining the sanctity of OT, scrubbing, working and sterilization of OT instruments, equipment like electro cautery etc., Laparoscopic Set, shifting of OT patients, pre-operative work up of patients, acquisition of basic surgical skills to perform minor/medium

surgeries independently (suprapubic cystostomy, Urethral Dilatation, Cystolithotomy, Varicocele, Orchidectomy, ureter lithotomy, Excision of Cyst and I&D, Excision of Breast Lump, Surgery of Hydrocele, appendectomy, Herniotomy, Hernia repair, umbilical hernia, Exploratory laparotomy for perforation, Haemorrhoidectomy, Fistulectomy, Fissurectomy Circumcision and

Skin grafting

·          Assist in major surgeries, handling of all types of surgical emergencies, postoperative management of the patient in recovery, ICU and ward, Waste disposal.

The common and popular subjects studied by MDS students include:

S. No.

Branch

Subjects

1

Branch I Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

·         Applied Basic Sciences

·         Minor Oral Surgery and Trauma

·         Maxillofacial Surgery

·         Recent Advances in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

2

Branch II Periodontics

·         Applied Basic Sciences

·         Etiopathogenesis Of Periodontal Diseases

·         Diagnosis, Treatment, Preventive Periodontology and Implantology

·         Recent Advances in Periodontics

3

Branch III Conservative Dentistry

·         Applied Basic Sciences

·         Conservative Dentistry including Preventive dentistry and Dental Materials

·         Endodontics

·         Recent Advances in Conservative Dentistry

4

Branch IV Oral Pathology

·         Applied Basic Sciences

·         Oral Pathology, Oral Microbiology and Forensic Odontology

·         Laboratory and Histopathological Techniques

·         Recent Advances In Oral Pathology

5

Branch V Orthodontics

·         Applied Basic Sciences

·         Growth and Development, Basics in Orthodontics, Diagnosis and Radiology

·         Bio-Mechanics; Various Orthodontics Tissue Changes, Techniques and Treatment Planning

·         Recent Advances in Orthodontics

 

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