A broad discipline, sociology is the study of all kinds of societies, institutions and relations. It includes the study of one’s own society as well as that of others. Sociologists try to understand what people say or do; what they think and how their worldviews are shaped by larger social structures. There are a range of options for students. After graduation in sociology, one can also go for professional programmes such as social work and become medical or industrial social workers. The industrial and corporate world offers opportunities in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and marketing divisions. A significant number of students go to non-governmental organisations, including Greenpeace, Oxfam, UN bodies and the World Wide Fund for Nature. They also get into publishing as copy editors and commissioning editors, as also journalists, for both print and audio-visual.
What do they do?
A Sociologist’s job involves lot of research and observation. If you choose to become a Sociologist then you will have to get involved in research by various methods of analysis which may include historical perspective, period affected factors like racism, casteism, poverty, health etc. Your responsibility will be to collect the data and set up a comparative analysis. You may also be involved in doing a quantitative research in form of statistics or poll.
- To be able to empathise and understand people different from oneself
- Ability to look at oneself from others’ point of view
- Strong analytical skills
- Reasonable quantitative aptitude
How do I get there?
You can take any subject combination in Class 12. After that, pursue a Bachelors and Masters in sociology. An MPhil and/or a PhD degree is required for a career in academics and research.
Typical day in the life of a Sociologist
Daily routine of sociologist involves field research for a few weeks or months, or sometimes years in a specific social setting, such as a village, film production unit, religious organisation, youth gang, or school or factory; teaching at different levels from school to university; writing articles, books and making media appearances as an expert on some social issue; working in the research wing of different organisations like an NGO, a government department, a firm etc.